Turning Adversities into Opportunities: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Muniba Mazari’s Inspirational Speech


  • Ammara Zafar MPhil. Department of English languages and Literature, University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Mir Muhammad MPhil in Applied Linguistics, Department of Applied Linguistics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Fatima Tahir MPhil. Department of English Languages and Literature, University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.




CDA, Muniba Mazari’s inspirational speech, representation of gender, Fairclough’s (1989) three-dimensional model


This study aims to analyse Muniba Mazari’s selected TEDx speech from the perspective of critical discourse analysis to reveal her motivational stance on turning the adversities of life into opportunities. Mazari's inspirational speech is primarily gender specific, and she discusses the physical and psychological trauma she experienced during her life struggle against the backdrop of Pakistan's sociopolitical context. Muniba Mazari, the Iron Lady of Pakistan, is the representative of Pakistani women on various national and international platforms. This research highlights the way the speaker, despite initially being the object of suppression and later abandoned by her husband, has positioned herself in her own words to portray a positive image of a woman who is a leading figure in the public sphere, who is not inferior to men, and who is also performing her duties responsibly in the domestic sector. This speech also reveals a beautiful face of society, in which she was treated with excessive care and attention by male members of her family while fighting physical and psychological injuries. Fairclough's (1989) three-dimensional model of critical discourse analysis is used to study how the selected speech contributes to revealing the gender ideologies of Pakistani society and the persuasive techniques underlying the speech to inspire people on a broader level. This critical discourse approach is combined with Halliday's textual analysis model to address the textual dimensions of the speech.



Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Mir Muhammad, MPhil in Applied Linguistics, Department of Applied Linguistics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.




Amer, M. (2017). Critical discourse analysis of war reporting in the international press: the case of the Gaza War of 2008–2009. Palgrave Communications, 3(1), p. 13.

Al-Haq, F. A. A., & Al-Sleibi, N. M. (2015). A Critical Discourse Analysis of Three Speeches of King Abdullah II. US-China Foreign Language, 13(5), pp. 317-332.

Awan, A. G., & Yahya, M. (2016). Critical discourse analysis of Ahmad Ali’s novel “Twilight in Dehli”. Science International, 28(2), pp. 2047-2052.

Brown, G. (1995). Speakers, listeners and communication: Explorations in discourse analysis. Cambridge University Press.

Blommaert, J. (2008). Grassroots literacy: Writing, Identity and voice in Central Africa. Routledge.

Bakhtin, M. 1981. The dialogic imagination: Four essays by M. M. Bakhtin, Austin: Texas University Press. (H. Holoquist, C. Emerson, & M. Holoquist, Trans.)

Briones, R. R. Y. (2017). A demonstrative analysis of news articles using Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis framework. Beyond Words, 5(1), pp. 83-97.

Fairclough, N. (1989). Language and power. London: Longman.

Fairclough, N. (1992). Discourse and social change. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language. Harlow: Longman

Fairclough, N., Mulderrig, J., & Wodak, R. (2011). Critical discourse analysis. In Teun A. van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction (pp. 357-378). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Fowler, R. (2013). On critical linguistics. In Texts and practices (pp. 12-23). Routledge.

Imtiaz, U. (2015). The East and West trust deficit in Mohsin Hamid’s ‘The Reluctant Fundamentalist’. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 11(10).

Kazemi, F., & Dalaee, S. (2017). A Study of gender discourse in Zoya Pirzada’s Novels. Journal of Advances in Linguistics, 8(1), pp. 1225-1228.

Kiren, A., & Awan, A. G. (2017). Critical discourse analysis of Jane Austin’s novel ‘Pride and Prejudice’. Global Journal of Management, Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(3), pp. 482-498.

Mazhar, U. (2003). Married to the Quran. The Friday Times of Pakistan, pp. 17-23.

Rizwan, S., Saeed, T., & Fayyaz, R. (2013). Religious ideology and discourse: A critical discourse analysis of Marsiya-e-Hussain. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 2(1), pp. 124-139.

Sadeghi, B., Hassani, M. T., & Ghorbani, R. (2014). Towards the critical discourse analysis of Imam Khomeini's will: Determining ideological discourse toward EFL learning. Journal of Language Teaching & Research, 5(4).

Sipra, M., & Rashid, A. (2013). Critical discourse analysis of Martin Luther King's speech in Socio-political Perspective. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 4, pp. 27-33.

Sichani, S. K., & Hadian, B. (2015) A critical discourse analysis of two translated versions of the novel “Coming up for Air” by George Orwell International Journal of Educational Investigations, 2(5), pp. 66-77.

Shaikh, M., Bughio, F. A., & Kadri, S. A. (2015). The representation of men and women in advertisements: A critical discourse analysis. The Women-Annual Research Journal of Gender Studies, 7.

Turhan, B., & Okan, Z. (2017). Critical discourse analysis of advertising: Implications for language teacher education. Online Submission, 5(4), pp. 213-226.

Van Dijk, T. A. (2001). Multidisciplinary CDA: A plea for diversity. Methods of critical discourse analysis, 1, pp. 95-120.

Van Dijk, T. A. (1993). Principles of critical discourse analysis. Discourse & society, 4(2), pp. 249-283.

Wodak, R. (1997). Discourse analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weiwei, W. A. N. G., & Weihua, L. I. U. (2015). Critical discourse analysis of news reports on China’s bullet-train crash. Studies in Literature and Language, 10(2), pp. 42-49.




How to Cite

Zafar, A., Muhammad, M., & Tahir, F. (2022). Turning Adversities into Opportunities: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Muniba Mazari’s Inspirational Speech . Linguistic Forum - A Journal of Linguistics, 4(4), 26–31. https://doi.org/10.53057/linfo/2022.4.4.4