The Parametric Variations of English and Kanuri Noun Phrases: A Minimalist Approach

https://doi.org/10.53057/linfo/2021.3.1.3

Authors

  • Baba Kura Alkali Gazali PhD in English Linguistics, Department of Languages and Linguistics, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria

Keywords:

Universal Grammar, parametric variation, minimalist approach, noun phrase, complements

Abstract

This paper examines the parametric variations of English and Kanuri noun phrases (NPs) within the theoretical framework of Principles and Parameters (P&P), and the study adopts Chomsky’s (1995) Minimalist Approach (MA). In conducting the research, the researcher uses his native intuition to collect the data for this study. The secondary sources of data involve the use of three competent native speakers to validate the data. The outcome of the study reveals that there are differences and similarities between the two languages which are genetically different –Kanuri Nilo is a Saharan language while English is an Endo European language. The differences are: Kanuri is a head final language while English is head initial language. On the complement phrases, the two languages share dissimilarities –quantifiers and adjectives occur post head in Kanuri while the quantifiers and adjectives occur pre-head in English. Finally, the two languages share similarities in terms of noun plural formation morphologically suffixed to post head nouns and definiteness and agreement features [-Def] [+PL Num].

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Boeckx, C. (2006). Linguistic minimalism: Origins, concepts, methods, and aims. Oxford University Press.

Bulakarima, S. U., & Shettima, A. K. (2012). A Sketch of Kanuri phonology and Tone. Desktop publishers cooperative society, Maiduguri.

Cook, V. J., & Newson, M. (1996). Chomsky’s Universal grammar: An Introduction. Blackwell, Oxford.

Chomsky, N., & Lasnik, H. (1993). ‘Principles and Parameters Theory’, In Syntax: An Introduction Handbook of Contemporary Research, de Gruyter, Berlin.

Chomsky, N. (1995). The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Crystal, D. (2008). Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Sixth edition. Blackwell, UK

Cyffer, N. (1991). We Learn Kanuri. Koln, Rudiger Koppe Verlag.

Cyffer, N. (1998). A Sketch of Kanuri. Koln, Rudiger Koppe Verlag.

Fannami, M., Munkaila, M., & Bulakarima, S. U. (1999). ‘The Structure of Kanuri noun phrase’ In Attah et al (eds.) A Book of reading faculty of Arts, University of Maiduguri Occasional publication, Maiduguri.

Gazali, B. K. A., & Gombe, M. U. (2020). ‘The Structure of noun phrase and determiner phrase: Minimalist approach’ in Linda (ed.) Journal of Linguistics, language and culture. Nnamdi Azikwe University Awka, Nigeria.

Gazali, B. K. A. (2020). ‘Kanuri DP Hypothesis’ In Sastra, G. (ed.) Jurnal Arbitrer. Faculty of Humanities, University Andalas, Indonesia.

Radford, A. (2004). Minimalist Syntax: Exploring the Structure of English. Cambridge University press, Cambridge.

Radford, A. (2009). Analyzing English Sentences: A Minimalist approach. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Trask, R. (1993). A Dictionary of grammatical Terms in Linguistics. Routledge, Cornwall.

Published

2021-03-30

How to Cite

Gazali, B. K. A. (2021). The Parametric Variations of English and Kanuri Noun Phrases: A Minimalist Approach . Linguistic Forum - A Journal of Linguistics, 3(1), 11–16. https://doi.org/10.53057/linfo/2021.3.1.3