A Corpus Based Study on Shell Nouns in Natural and Social Science Research Articles


  • Zahra Rubab Lecturer, Department of English, Riphah International University, Faisalabad Campus, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Asim Mahmood Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Arslan Arshad Research Associate, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan




cohesion, cohesive devices, lexico-grammatical patterns, research articles, shell nouns


This study examined structural and functional analysis of shell nouns in research articles of social and natural science disciplines. The purpose of this research was to conduct an analysis of shell nouns with reference to the lexicogrammatical patterns in the academic compositions of Pakistani research article writers. In this regard, this research utilized both qualitative and quantitative techniques for analysis through Antconc software 3.2.4. The data was randomly selected from 20 research articles that were divided into two groups. The principles of Schimd’s (2000) lexicogrammatical patterns, with their functions, were used as an analytic tool for this research. The results revealed that social science writers used lexico-grammatical patterns more frequently with their function in their writing to develop more cohesiveness by following the taxonomy of Schmid (2000) as compared to natural science research article writers.


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How to Cite

Rubab, Z., Mahmood, M. A. ., & Arshad, A. . (2019). A Corpus Based Study on Shell Nouns in Natural and Social Science Research Articles . Linguistic Forum - A Journal of Linguistics, 1(2), 6–13. https://doi.org/10.53057/linfo/2019.1.2.2